Acne ? What is it?
Acne is a disease that influences the skin’s oil glands. The modest holes in your skin or pores connect to oil glands underneath your skin.
These glands make an oily substance named sebum. The pores connect to the glands by a canal named a follicle. Inside the follicles, oil carries dead skin cells to the surface of the skin. A thin hair also grows by means of the follicle and out to the skin. When the follicle of a skin gland clogs up, a pimple grows. Most pimples are found on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders. Acne is not a significant wellness risk, but it can lead to scars. (http://www.niams.nih.gov/Wellness_Data/acne/acne_ff.pdf)
Acne is a red, irritated irritation in the skin that happens when the hair follicles below the skin clog up. The improved movement of oil (referred to as sebum) from the sebaceous glands in the dermis collectively with elevated shedding of dead skin cells result in the blockage of the follicle pores, resulting into comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) and pimples or zits (Remedy Well being Media, 1988).
The occurrence of acne is almost universal among folks going by means of adolescence and often continues to adulthood. Acne is far more common in teens and youthful grownups than the other age groups. This is typically caused by an improve in the testosterone levels in the physique in which each sexes accrue for the duration of puberty (James, 2005). Nevertheless, it can also influence all ages. Even young children as youthful as five many years outdated can develop acne.
Standard acne is prevalent in areas with the densest sebaceous follicles, creating the skin susceptible to excessive sebum production. These regions contain the face, particularly in the “T” zone, chest, upper part of the back, and occasionally in the shoulders and neck.
Based from Dorland’s Healthcare Dictionary, the term “common acne” generally indicates the presence of pustules (pinheads) and papules (pimples) and also refers to the most common variety of acne – acnevulgaris. Numerous folks get this variety of acne. The following are the couple of identified kinds of acne:
Acne vulgaris – This is the most typical sort of acne. It affects pretty much all adolescents and adults at some level in their lives. It is characterized by excessive oiliness of the skin and presence of seborrhea (scaly red skin), comedones, papules, pustules, nodules (huge papules) and often scars (Adityan, Kumari, & Thappa, 2009).
Acne rosacea – Spots from this sort of acne look extremely equivalent to individuals of acne vulgaris but are much more widespread in girls than guys. It is characterized by persistent breakouts largely on the forehead and cheeks. In numerous cases, blackheads are not current (Buxton, 1988).
Acne conglobata– This is a severe but unusual variety of acne that happens mainly in guys. It usually commenced as frequent acne but has designed to be a lot more persistent, unpleasant and scarring (http://skinchannel.com/acne/acne_conglobata/). The nodules and comedones related with acne conglobata are highly inflammatory and contain pus (Freedberg, 2003).
Acne fulminans – It is an additional variety of severe acne that normally takes place abruptly soon after unsuccessful therapy of acne conglobata. Its signs incorporate serious nodules, ulcerating pimples, as nicely as pain and inflammation in the lymph nodes and joints.